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Environmental Engineering Research 2018;23(4): 374-382. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.015
Optimization of diesel biodegradation by Vibrio alginolyticus using Box-Behnken design
Muhammad Fauzul Imron  , and Harmin Sulistiyaning Titah
Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil, Environmental, and Geo Engineering, Institut Teknologi Sepuluh Nopember, Jalan Raya ITS, Keputih, Sukolilo, Surabaya, 60111, Indonesia
Corresponding Author: Muhammad Fauzul Imron ,Tel: +62-899-962-8167 , Email: fauzul.01@gmail.com
Received: January 8, 2018;  Accepted: March 26, 2018.
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ABSTRACT
Petroleum hydrocarbons pollutants, such as diesel fuel, have caused ecosystem damage in terrestrial and aquatic habitats. They have been recognized as one of the most hazardous wastes. This study was designed to optimize the effect of Tween 80 concentration, nitrogen (N)/phosphorus (P) ratio and salinity level on diesel biodegradation by Vibrio alginolyticus (V. alginolyticus). Response surface methodology with Box-Behnken design was selected with three factors of Tween 80 concentration (0, 5, 10 mg/L), N/P ratio (5, 10, 15) and salinity level (15‰, 17.5‰, 20‰) as independent variables. The percentage of diesel degradation was a dependent variable for 14 d of the remediation period. The results showed that the percentages of diesel degradation generally increased with an increase in the amount of Tween 80 concentration, N/P ratio and salinity level, respectively. The optimization condition for diesel degradation by V. alginolyticus occurred at 9.33 mg/L of Tween 80, 9.04 of N/P ratio and 19.47‰ of salinity level, respectively, with percentages of diesel degradation at 98.20%. The statistical analyses of the experimental results and model predictions (R2 = 0.9936) showed the reliability of the regression model and indicated that the addition of biostimulant can enhance the percentage of diesel biodegradation.
Keywords: Biodegradation | Box-Behnken | Diesel | Response surface methodology | Vibrio alginolyticus
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