Authorship credit should be based on 1) substantial contributions to conception and design, acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, 2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and 3) final approval of the version to be published. Authors should meet these three conditions. No changes of authors are allowed after the acceptance of a manuscript.
ORIGINALITY AND DUPLICATE PUBLICATION
All submitted manuscripts should be original and should not be considered by other scientific journals for publication at the same time. No part of the accepted manuscript should be duplicated in any other scientific journal without the permission of the Editorial Board. If any duplicate publication related to a paper of this journal is detected, the authors will be announced in the journal and their institutes will be informed, along with retraction of the paper.
If there are any conflicts of interest, authors should disclose them in the manuscript. A conflict of interest may exist when an author (or the author’s institution or employer) has financial or personal relationships or affiliations that could influence (or bias) the author’s decisions, work, or manuscript. All authors are required to report potential conflicts of interest, including specific financial interests relevant to the subject of their manuscript, on the cover letter and on the final page of the manuscript. The authors will also be asked to fill out and submit the Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest. If there is no conflict of interest, please include the following disclosure in the manuscript: The authors declare that they have no conflict of interest.
HUMAN AND ANIMAL RESEARCH
If the manuscript involves the use of human subjects, the authors should ensure that the experiments have been conducted in accordance with The Code of Ethics of the World Medical Association (Declaration of Helsinki). The manuscript should be in line with the Recommendations for the Conduct, Reporting, Editing and Publication of Scholarly Work in Medical Journals and aim for the inclusion of representative human populations (sex, age and ethnicity) as per those recommendations. The terms sex and gender should be used correctly.
Authors should include a statement in the manuscript that informed consent was obtained for the experiments with human subjects. The privacy rights of human subjects must always be observed.
All animal experiments should comply with the ARRIVE guidelines. The authors should ensure that the animal experiments have been carried out in accordance with the U.K. Animals (Scientific Procedures) Act, 1986 and associated guidelines, EU Directive 2010/63/EU, or the National Research Council's Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. The authors should clarify that such guidelines have been followed in the manuscript.
RESEARCH AND PUBLICATION MISCONDUCT
Research and publication misconducts are strictly prohibited. They refer to fabrication, falsification, plagiarism, and any others that may undermine the integrity of research at any stage of the research process.
- 1. Fabrication refers to the recording or reporting of made-up data or results.
- 2. Falsification refers to the manipulation of research materials or processes, and the alteration or omission of data or results, such that the research is not accurately represented in the research record.
- 3. Plagiarism refers to the unauthorized use of others’ published or unpublished words or ideas, processes, results and reports of these ideas as one’s own original work. It also includes self-plagiarism, which refers to the practice of presenting one’s own previously published work, in whole or in part, in same or other languages without proper citation as though it were new.
PENALTIES FOR PUBLICATION VIOLATIONS
The paper that has been found to be in violation of the Journal’s ethical guidelines should be rejected by the handling editor (papers under review) or withdrawn from publishing with an announcement in the Journal (papers already published). The Committee on Research and Publication Ethics* examines the published papers for which ethical issues are raised, and determines their withdrawal. The Editorial Board notifies the offender of the result of examination and actions to take in written form. The authors in ethical violation are prohibited to submit any manuscript to Environmental Engineering Research for three years from the decision date. The suspected authors have right to raise an objection and request to reconsider within 30 days from the notification only in case in which new evidence that can affect the result has been found. The Editorial Board can take additional actions as it deems necessary.
RESEARCH AND PUBLICATION ETHICS COMMITTEE
The Committee on Research and Publication Ethics is organized in accordance with the regulations of the Korean Society of Environmental Engineers.