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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.081
Enrichment of poultry manure with biomass ash to produce organomineral fertiliser
Omer Hulusi Dede, and Hasan Ozer
Department of Environmental Engineering, Engineering Faculty, Sakarya University, Sakarya 54187, Turkey
Corresponding Author: Omer Hulusi Dede ,Tel: +90-264-2955761 , Fax: +90-264-3460633, Email: ohdede@sakarya.edu.tr
Received: March 1, 2018;  Accepted: April 23, 2018.
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ABSTRACT
In this study, the contribution of hot biomass ash to enrichment of the mineral content and to reducing the moisture content of broiler poultry manure was investigated. For this purpose, the mixtures have been prepared by adding biomass ash at varying rates (10%, 20%, 30%, 40% and 50%) and at different temperatures (100°C, 150°C, 200°C and 250°C) according to the dry matter content (74.77%) of the poultry manure. The results showed that incorporation of biomass ash into poultry manure at 50% at 250°C reduced the moisture content from 25.23% to 9.82%. Regarding the maximum N in the final product, the ideal temperature of biomass ash has been obtained at 150°C. The highest nutrient contents were obtained at 50% biomass ash incorporation. The highest dose of biomass ash application had significantly increased nutrients, such as Ca (19.34%), K (4.03%), Fe (1,545 mg/kg), Mn (812 mg/kg) and Zn (479 mg/kg) in the final organomineral fertiliser formulation. Overall, it was concluded that the addition of hot biomass ash can dramatically decrease the moisture content of poultry manure and therefore provide odour and pathogen removal and increase its plant nutrient content.
Keywords: Ammonia volatilisation | Enrichment | Fertilising value | Plant nutrition | Poultry litter
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