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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.063
Assessing the impact of air pollution on mortality rate from cardiovascular disease in Seoul, Korea
Sun Kyoung Park
School of ICT Integrated Studies, Pyeongtaek University, Pyeongtaek 17869, Republic of Korea
Corresponding Author: Sun Kyoung Park ,Tel: +82-31-659-8310 , Email: skpark@ptu.ac.kr
Received: February 6, 2018;  Accepted: April 20, 2018.
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ABSTRACT
The adverse health impact of air pollution is becoming more serious. The purpose of this study is twofold: One is to analyze the effect of air pollution and temperatures on human health by analyzing the number of deaths from cardiovascular disease in Seoul, Korea; the other is to determine what impact the location of a monitoring site has on the results of a health study. For this latter purpose, air pollution and temperature monitors are sited at three locations termed green, public, and residential. Then, a decision tree model is used to analyze factors linked with deaths occurring at each monitoring site. The results show that the environmental temperatures before death and the PM2.5 concentrations on the day of death are highly linked with the number of deaths regardless of the monitoring location. However, results are most accurate with residential data. The results of this study can be used as base data for a similar analysis and ultimately, as a guide to minimize the health impact of air pollution.
Keywords: Air pollution | Cardiovascular disease | Decision tree model | PM2.5 | Temperature
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