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RESEARCH ARTICLE  [Accepted]
Potency of Botryococcus braunii cultivated on palm oil mill effluent (POME) wastewater as the source of biofuel
Muhamad Maulana Azimatun Nur1,2, Tutik Muji Setyoningrum2, and I Gusti Suinarcana Budiaman2
1Department of Chemical Engineering, Faculty of Industrial Technology, Universitas Pembangunan Nasional “Veteran” Yogyakarta. Jl. SWK 104, Condongcatur, Sleman, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
2Department of Ocean Ecosystems, Energy and Sustainability Research Institute Groningen, University of Groningen, Nijenborgh 7, 9747 AG Groningen, The Netherlands
Corresponding Author: Muhamad Maulana Azimatun Nur ,Tel: +62-274-486733 , Fax: +62-274-486733 , Email: m.m.azimatun.nur@rug.nl
Received: May 1, 2017;  Accepted: June 18, 2017.
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ABSTRACT
Indonesia is known as the largest oil palm producer in the world. However, along with the production, it generates wastes and pollution that caused the environmental problem in surrounding areas. Previous researchers reported that high palm oil mill effluent (POME) concentration inhibited microalgae growth. However, the inhibition factor was not clearly explained by using kinetic model. This study presents kinetic models of Botrococcus braunii (B. braunii) cultivated on POME wastewater under different turbidity condition. Results showed that the logistic model was closely suitable with experiment results. It was found that B. braunii was able to consume organic carbon from the POME wastewater on the logarithmic model. A modified kinetic model of Monod Haldane described the influence of turbidity on the cultivation. Turbidity of POME medium inhibited the growth rate at KI 2.64 and KII 37.01 NTU, respectively. The Lipid (39.9%), and carbohydrate (41.03%) were found in the biomass that could be utilized as biofuel source.
Keywords: Biofuel | Botryococcus braunii | Kinetic model | Palm oil mill effluent | Turbidity
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