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Assessing the hydrogen peroxide effect along with sodium hypochlorite against marine blue mussels aimed at antifouling usage
Md. Niamul Haque1, Sunghyun Kwon2, and Daechul Cho3
1Department of Ocean System Engineering, College of Marine Science, Gyeongsang National University, Cheondaegukchi-Gil 38, Tongyeong 53064, Republic of Korea
2Department of Marine Environmental Engineering, College of Marine Science, Engineering Research Institute (ERI), Gyeongsang National University, Cheondaegukchi-Gil 38, Tongyeong 53064, Republic of Korea
3Department of Energy and Environmental Engineering, Soonchunhyang University, Soonchunhyang-ro 22, Asan 31538, Republic of Korea
Corresponding Author: Sunghyun Kwon ,Tel: +82-55-772-9132, Fax: +82-55-772-9139, Email: shkwon@gnu.ac.kr
Received: 14 March 2016;  Accepted: 3 November 2016.
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Chlorination has been the most common antifouling method, but alternatives are under searching. In this article, we report how the hydrogen peroxide could enhance the effect of chlorination to prevent fouling by inhibiting larvae settlement and abatement of mussel colonization or by extinct of them; through marine mussel Mytilus edulis. The addition of hydrogen peroxide shows synergic effect on the veliger larvae (up to 19 folds) and effectively reduces required time of mussel mortality by 8-22%. For resolution of micro- and macro-fouling caused by the marine mussel, as well as diminishing of time and conventional chlorine dose could be important factor in favour of environment and economics.
Keywords: Biofouling | Hydrogen peroxide | Mytilus edulis | Sodium hypochlorite | Veliger larvae
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