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Environmental Engineering Research 2006;11(4): 194-200. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2006.11.4.194
A METHODOLOGY TO EVALUATE THE EFFECTIVENESS OF REGIONAL SCALE FOR NON-POINT SOURCE LOADS
Juyoung Lee, and Jaeyoung Choi
Environmental remediation and Ecological restoration Lab., KIST-Gangneung Institute, South Korea
Corresponding Author: Jaeyoung Choi ,Tel: +82-33-650-7302, Fax: +82-33-650-7299 , Email: jyl7318@kist.re.kr
Received: February 9, 2006;  Accepted: May 8, 2006.
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ABSTRACT
Recently, the population growth, industrial and agricultural development are rapidly undergoing in the Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) in Texas. The Lower Rio Grande Valley (LRGV) composed of the 4 counties and three of them are interesting for Non-point and point source pollutant modeling: Starr, Cameron, and Hidalgo. Especially, the LRGV is an intensively irrigation region, and Texas A&M University Agriculture Program and the New Mexico State University College of Agriculture applied irrigation district program1' , projects in GIS and Hydrology based agricultural water management systems and assessment of prioritized protecting stream network, water quality and rehabilitation based on water saving potential in Rio Grande River. In the LRGV region, where point and non-point sources of pollution may be a big concern, because increasing fertilizers and pesticides use and population cause. This project objective seeks to determine the accumulation of non-point and point source and discuss the main impacts of agriculture and environmental concern with water quality related to pesticides, fertilizer, and nutrients within LRGV region. The GIS technique is widely used and developed for the assessment of non-point source pollution in LRGV region. This project shows the losses in kg/km7yr of BOD (Biological Oxygen Demand), TN (total Nitrogen) and TP (total phosphorus) in the runoff from the surface of LRGV. Especially, farmers in Cameron County consume a lot of fertilizer and pesticide to improve crop yield net profit. Then, this region can be created as larger nonpoint source area for nutrients and the intensity of runoff by excess irrigation water. And many sediment and used irrigation water with including high nutrients can be discharged into Rio Grade River.
Keywords: GIS | Non-point and point Source | Hydrology
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