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Environmental Engineering Research 2007;12(1): 1-7. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2007.12.1.001
DEVELOPMENT OF ADSORBENT USING BYPRODUCTS FROM KOREAN MEDICINE FOR REMOVING HEAVY METALS
S. W. Kim1, and J. L. Lim2
1Dept. of Health Environment, Daegu Haany University, Yugok-dong, Gyeongsan, Gyeongbuk 712-175, Korea Water Research Center, Korea Institute of Water and Environment, Korea
2Water Resources Corporation, Jeonmin-dong, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon 305-730, Korea
Corresponding Author: J. L. Lim ,Tel: +82-42-860-0371, Email: jllim@kwater.or.kr
Received: October 1, 2006;  Accepted: January 8, 2007.
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ABSTRACT
Most of the herb residue producing from oriental medical clinics(OMC) and hospitals(OMH) is wasted in Korea. To develop of adsorbent for removing heavy metal from wastewater, the various pre-treatment methods of the herb residue were evaluated by potentiometric titration, Freundlich isotherm adsorption test and the kinetic adsorption test. The herb residue was pre-treated for increasing the adsorption capacity by cleaning with distilled water, 0.1 N HC1 and 0.1 N NaOH and by heating at 370°C for 30 min. It showed a typical weak acid-weak base titration curve and a short pH break like commercial activated carbon during photentiometric titration of pre-treated herb residue. The log-log plots in the Freundlich isotherm test were linear on the herb residue pre-treated with NaOH or HC1 like commercial activated carbon. The adsorption capacity(qe) in the Freundlich isotherm test for Cr6+ was 1.5 times higher in the pre-treated herb residue with HC1 than in activated carbon. On the other hand the herb residue pre-treated with NaOH showed the good adsorption capacities for Pb2+, Cu2+ and Cd2+ even though those adsorption capacities were lower thanJ that of activated carbon. In kinetic test, most of heavy metals removed within the first 10 min of contact and then approached to equilibrium with increasing contact time. The removal rate of heavy metals increased with an increase of the amount of adsorbent. Likewise, the removal rates of heavy metals were ;higher in the herb residue pre-treated with NaOH than in that pre-treated with HC1. The adsorption preference of herb residues pre-treated with NaOH or HC1 was Pb2+>Cu2+ or Cd2+ >Cr66+ in the order. Conclusively, the herb residue can be used as an alternative adsorbent for the removal of heavy metals depending on pr-treatment methods.
Keywords: Adsorption | Herb residue | Heavy metal | Pre-treatment | Korean medicine
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