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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2020.559
Exploring coupling effect between urban heat island effect and PM2.5 concentrations from the perspective of spatial environment
Yunhao Fang1, and Kangkang Gu1,2
1School of Architecture and Planning, Anhui Jianzhu University, Hefei 230022, China
2Anhui Collaborative Innovation Center for Urbanization and Construction, Hefei 230022, China
Corresponding Author: Kangkang Gu ,Tel: +86-0551-15855118329, Email: kangkanggu@163.com
Received: October 9, 2020;  Accepted: February 2, 2021.
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ABSTRACT
The coupling effect between urban PM2.5 concentrations and urban heat island effect has been paid more and more attention to. Previous studies mostly focused on the analysis of data correlations, lacking the interpretation of the formation texture. Taking Hefei as the subject, this study combined the spatial statistical model with the coupling coordination degree model to explore the influence of spatial environment-related indicators on the coupling effect of cities. In addition, at the micro level, the paper used grid unit to verify the relevance and made a comprehensive analysis on the formation texture of coupling effect. The results indicated that: (1) there is a significant coupling effect between the urban heat island intensity and PM2.5 concentrations in the main urban area of Hefei with significant spatial heterogeneity. (2) to some extent, the indicators of urban spatial environment, including vegetated areas, buildings, residential land, commercial land, industrial land, building density, floor area ratio, building form ratio, the densities of road junctions and sub-arterial roads, have different effects on the coupling effect. In general, the higher the degree of human activity, the higher the degree of coupling effect. (3) the coupling effect may be influenced by a variety of spatial environment factors.
Keywords: Coupling coordination degree model | PM2.5 | Spatial statistical model | Urban heat island effect | Urban planning strategy | Urban spatial environment
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