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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2020.462
Predicting the performance of a desulfurizing bio-filter using an artificial neural network (ANN) model
Reza Salehi1, and Retno Ambarwati Sigit Lestari2
1Independent Researcher, 3495 Saint-Dominique, Montreal, Quebec H2X 2X5, Canada
2Chemical Engineering Department, 17 Agustus 1945 University, Semarang, Jawa Tengah, Indonesia
Corresponding Author: Reza Salehi ,Tel: +1-438-889-6591, Email: reza.salehi@polymtl.ca
Received: August 12, 2020;  Accepted: November 5, 2020.
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ABSTRACT
The aim of this study was to develop a model for predicting the performance of a desulfurizing bio-filter (BF), without requiring prior information about H2S biodegradation kinetics and mechanism. A single hidden layer artificial neural network (ANN) model was developed and validated using the gradient descent backpropagation (GDBP) learning algorithm coupled with a learning rate and a momentum factor. The ANN model inputs were gas flow rate, residence time, and axial position in the BF bed. The removal efficiency of H2S was the model output. Various structures for ANN model, differing in the number of hidden layer neurons, were trained and an early stopping validation technique, the K-fold cross-validation, was used to determine the optimal structure with the best generalization ability. The modeling results showed that there was a good agreement between the experimental data and the predicted values, with a determination coefficient (R2) of 94%. This implies that the ANN model might be an attractive and useful alternative tool for forecasting the performance of desulfurizing BFs.
Keywords: Artificial neural network | Backpropagation algorithm | Bio-filter | Cross-validation | Hydrogen sulfide removal
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