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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.412
Adsorption of chlorhexidine digluconate on acid modified fly ash: Kinetics, isotherms and influencing factors
Astha Singh, Sonalika Sonal, Rohit Kumar, and Brijesh Kumar Mishra
Department of Environmental Science and Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology (Indian School of Mines), Dhanbad-826004, India
Corresponding Author: Brijesh Kumar Mishra ,Tel: +91-9471191704, Email: brijesh@iitism.ac.in
Received: November 23, 2018;  Accepted: March 7, 2019.
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ABSTRACT
Chlorhexidine digluconate (CHD) in the aquatic environment causes irreversible change to microbes, making them resistant to biodegradation, which needs remediation other than biological process. Adsorption study was performed for the removal of CHD on fly ash as a function of pH and ionic strength. Experimental result has been validated by characterization using Scanning electron microscopy, Fourier Transform-Infrared Spectroscopy and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller. CHD adsorption with fly ash (FA) showed an increasing trend with an increase in pH. Variation in pH proved to be an influential parameter for the surface charge of adsorbent and the degree of ionization of the CHD molecules. The adsorption capacity of CHD decreased from 23.60 mg g-1 to 1.13 mg g-1, when ionic strength increased from to M. The adsorption isotherms were simulated well by the Freundlich isotherm model having R2 = 0.98. The Lagergren’s model was incorporated to predict the system kinetics, while the mechanistic study was better explained by pseudo-second order for FA. On the basis of operational conditions and cost-effectiveness FA was found to be more economical as an adsorbent for the adsorption of CHD.
Keywords: Adsorption | Chlorhexidine digluconate | Fly ash | Isotherm and Kinetics
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