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Environmental Engineering Research 2020;25(1): 104-113. DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.407
Breakthrough modeling of furfural sorption behavior in a bagasse fly ash packed bed
Saurabh Singh, Vimal Chandra Srivastava  , Akash Goyal, and Indra Deo Mall
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Roorkee, Roorkee 247667, India
Corresponding Author: Vimal Chandra Srivastava ,Tel: +91-1332-285889, Fax: +91-1332-276535, 273560, Email: vimalcsr@yahoo.co.in, vimalfch@iitr.ac.in
Received: November 19, 2018;  Accepted: February 13, 2019.
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Adsorptive breakthrough modelling is essential for design of a sorption packed bed. In this work, breakthrough modelling of the furfural uptake in bagasse fly ash (BFA) packed bed has been performed. Effect of various parameters like bed height (Z = 15-60 cm), flow rate (Q = 0.02-0.04 L/min) and initial furfural concentration (Co = 50-200 mg/L) on the breakthrough curve of furfural sorption in a BFA packed bed have been studied. Enhanced breakthrough performance was observed for the higher value of Z, and lower values of Co and Q. For Co = 100 mg/L, packed bed operated at Q = 0.03 L/min and Z = 60 cm was found to have lowest adsorbent utilization rate of 5.61 g/L with highest breakthrough volume of 14.67 L. Bed depth service time and Thomas models well represented the experimental data points under all experimental conditions. It can be concluded that BFA can be utilized efficiently in continuous system for the removal of furfural. Overall, more than 99% of furfural was adsorbed in BFA packed bed at experimental conditions.
Keywords: Bagasse fly ash | Breakthrough | Column study | Furfural removal | Sorption
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