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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2019.166
Runoff estimation using modified Adaptive Neuro-Fuzzy Inference System
Amitabha Nath, Fisokuhle Mthethwa, and Goutam Saha
Department of IT, North-Eastern Hill University, Shillong, Meghalaya-793022, India
Corresponding Author: Amitabha Nath ,Tel: +91-943-588-3232, Email: amitabha.me@gmail.com
Received: June 3, 2019;  Accepted: August 7, 2019.
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Rainfall-Runoff modeling plays a crucial role in various aspects of water resource management. It helps significantly in resolving the issues related to flood control, protection of agricultural lands, etc. Various Machine learning and statistical-based algorithms have been used for this purpose. These techniques resulted in outcomes with an acceptable rate of success. One of the pertinent machine learning algorithms namely Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System (ANFIS) has been reported to be a very effective tool for the purpose. However, the computational complexity of ANFIS is a major hindrance in its application. In this paper, we resolved this problem of ANFIS by incorporating one of the evolutionary algorithms known as Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) which was used in estimating the parameters pertaining to ANFIS. The results of the modified ANFIS were found to be satisfactory. The performance of this modified ANFIS is then compared with conventional ANFIS and another popular statistical modeling technique namely ARIMA model with respect to the forecasting of runoff. In the present investigation, it was found that proposed PSO-ANFIS performed better than ARIMA and conventional ANFIS with respect to the prediction accuracy of runoff.
Keywords: ANFIS | ARIMA | Fuzzy Inference System | PSO | PSO-ANFIS | Rainfall-runoff
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