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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.324
Microwave-enhanced gasification of sewage sludge waste
Young Nam Chun, and Hee Gaen Song
Department of Environmental Engineering, Chosun University, Gwangju 61452, Republic of Korea
Corresponding Author: Young Nam Chun ,Tel: +82-62-230-7156, Email: ynchun@chosun.ac.kr
Received: September 10, 2018;  Accepted: December 1, 2018.
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ABSTRACT
To convert sewage sludge to energy, drying-gasification characteristics during microwave heating were studied. During the gasification of carbon dioxide, the main products were gas, followed by char, and tar in terms of the amount. The main components of the producer gas were carbon monoxide and hydrogen including a small amount of methane and light hydrocarbons. They showed a sufficient heating value as a fuel. The generated tar is gravimetric tar, which is total tar. As light tars, benzene (light aromatic tar) was a major light tar. Naphthalene, anthracene, and pyrene (light polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon tars) were also generated, but in relatively small amounts. Ammonia and hydrogen cyanide (precursor for NOx) were generated from thermal decomposition of tar containing protein and nitrogen in sewage sludge. In the case of sludge char, its average pore diameter was small, but specific area, pore volume, and adsorption amounts were relatively large, resulting in superior adsorption characteristics.
Keywords: CO2 gasification | Microwave heating | Producer gas | Sewage sludge | Sludge char
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