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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4491/eer.2018.112
Removing nitrogenous compounds from landfill leachate using electrochemical techniques
Nadeeshani Nanayakkara, Asanga Koralage, Charuka Meegoda, and Supun Kariyawasam
Department of Civil Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, University of Peradeniya, Kandy 20400, Sri Lanka
Corresponding Author: Nadeeshani Nanayakkara ,Tel: +94-81-2393574 , Fax: +94-81-2388158, Email: kgnn@pdn.ac.lk
Received: March 21, 2018;  Accepted: September 4, 2018.
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ABSTRACT
In this research, applicability of electrochemical technology in removing nitrogenous compounds from solid waste landfill leachate was examined. Novel cathode material was developed at laboratory by introducing a Cu layer on Al substrate (Cu/Al). Al and mild steel (MS) anodes were investigated for the efficiency in removing nitrogenous compounds from actual leachate samples collected from two open dump sites. Al anode showed better performances due to the effect of better electrocoagulation at Al surface compared to that at MS anode surface. Efficiency studies were carried out at a current density of 20 mA/cm2 and at reaction duration of 6 h. Efficiency of removing nitrate-N using Al anode and developed Cu/Al cathode was around 90%. However, for raw leachate, total nitrogen (TN) removal efficiency was only around 30%. This is due to low ammonium-N removal as a result of low oxidation ability of Al. In addition to the removal of nitrogenous compounds, reactor showed about 30% removal of total organic carbon. Subsequently, raw leachate was diluted four times, to simulate pre-treated leachate. The diluted leachate was treated and around 88% removal of TN was achieved. Therefore, it can be said that the reactor would be good as a secondary or tertiary treatment step in a leachate treatment plant.
Keywords: Electrochemical technology | Electrocoagulation | Electrodes | Leachate | Nitrogenous compounds
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